NEVADA - The US is embracing renewables, as is the UK, with over 40% of electricity coming from wind and solar farms in Britain. China is also installing this technology, and leading the electric vehicle charge, giving them a solid energy base from which to manufacture and sell their goods to to rest of the world.





If, instead of continuing to burn fossil fuels, that scientists all over the world agree cause global warming. If we were able to transition to renewable energy supplies, to give us affordable supplies of sustainable electricity. We might use this energy, that is free from nature, to power our homes and vehicles.


Why then has this not been done, in the face of accelerating climate change, that is melting our ice caps, and raising ocean levels? Global warming, is also making deserts of previously agricultural land (desertification), and causing forest and bush fires. Threatening to continue heating up the planet, with potentially catastrophic consequences, and in violation of the Paris Agreement of 2015, if we do not act positively, quickly enough.







With the increasing efficiency of photovoltaic panels, and reduced price from volume manufacture, many people can now afford to fit these on their homes, complete with battery storage, to even out the energy time displacement. Photovoltaic panels might be even cheaper, if they were manufactured locally, instead of being shipped from the other side of the world on container ships. One day each country might produce their own PV panels and lithium batteries, or, in the case of the United Kingdom, at least source more locally, from Europe.





Natures carbon lock, the regulating mechanism for the planet, from millions of years ago, was coal and oil. Man came along with his Industrial Revolution, to find ways to use this concentrated form of buried energy, to release it into the atmosphere. That coupled with his dominance of the planet, leading to a population of some 8.1* billion people, and farming of livestock for meats, has generated other Greenhouse Gases




The fact is, we have the technology to make this happen, and provided we stay on course, and do not succumb to the lure of coal and oil, we might begin to cool the planet. If we make the best of solar, wave and wind energy, the planet has a chance of recovering. The sooner we act, the safer we will all be. The United Nations is now working to abolish fossil fuel subsidies. If we are to start cooling the planet, as quickly as we might, we might begin to chill the at present hot-house. To make life bearable for our grandchildren and the next generations to come. As with heating the giant land and water mass of our oceans, it will take time to recover our equilibrium. It has taken well over fifty years to push us close toward an anthropological extinction; the Anthropocene Age.





A very dirty diesel powered red bus, in the United Kingdom       



Carcinogenic diesel smogs and soot particulates, created by buses in towns and cities. These should have been banned years ago. Roughly 10,000 people a year succumb to cancer every year in London. In 2019, around 167,000 people died from cancer in the UK, an average of 460 people every day. Rising by 7% over 10 years.

MacMillan estimate that there are currently 3 million people living with cancer in the UK, rising to 3.5 million by 2025, 4 million by 2030, and 5.3 million by 2040. Eliminating cancerous air pollution, for example, with zero emission vehicles, and renewable electricity, can only be good news for those being born into the world. Battery, and other means of energy storage, will help us to achieve clean cities and towns. Simple changes, like using LEDs for traffic and street lighting, can save a whopping 80% of energy costs.






Fortunately, we have developed the technology to replace fossil, and other extremely dangerous fuels, like uranium, for nuclear fission. Another stop gap measure with serious long-term radiation leakages. Proving once again, that given the tools of our own destruction, we will happily head down that path, until the voice of reason chimes in. Typically the voice of the people marching in peaceful protest, drives policy change, and the move away from apathetic complacency. Simply put, the world has become too comfortable with fossil fuels as a way of life. Humans are creatures of habit, that don't like change. Especially those with investments to redirect. Hence, the need to re-educate speculators, to invest in a green and clean future.


Manchester 1GW low carbon energy park, Carlton Power 24 July 2023











This was called Local Agenda 21. Local Agenda 21 was an Agreement reached at the Rio World Summit in 1992, signed by 179 heads of state, including the United Kingdom. This was three years before the Climate Change Conferences of the Parties (COPs) began in 1995.


At Rio in 1992, an undertaking was given by Britain, that local authorities would produce their own plan - a Local Agenda 21. This would involve consulting with the community, because it was thought that it is the people in the area who have the local knowledge needed to make sensible decisions for their future. By this means responsibility for monitoring and implementing change was removed from centralised Government control or co-ordination. Unfortunately, with mixed results as few local authorities were willing or even able to implement worthwhile programs, let alone employ expert staff for the necessary research. That may go some way to explaining why, in Sussex, there is an almost total absence of genuinely affordable housing. The definition of affordable, being that afforded by those on the average agricultural wage, in whatever the applicable region.







FIRST ZEV BUS FLEET IN YORKSHIRE - Nine Yutong E10 EVs represent a multi-million pound investment by First Bus in partnership with West Yorkshire Combined Authority (WYCA) and Leeds City Council. The electric buses will began operating in October 2020 on the Service 5 Halton Moor Circular, which includes the Leeds CityBus route through the city centre and will run every 10 minutes Monday to Saturday.

Total investment in the buses and charging infrastructure is £7.3m and includes £1.7m funding from the UK Department of Transport’s Ultra-Low Emission Bus Scheme.





Today, this malaise manifests as building houses on greenbelt, that are not net zero, or zero carbon. These new-builds, not even including electric vehicle charging points - in the age of electricity. All of this, despite valid concerns from local residents as to over development, whose objections are simply not heeded. Rather, as many have said; almost totally ignored. The proof of which being the present house building boom in the South of England, in particular.


Such rash of building in bricks and mortar, is overstretching the at present inadequate infrastructure, leading to (for example) congestion in villages, causing damaged and potholed roads. These are the visible proofs of the lack of forward planning for the consequences of an increased carbon footprint locally. With no investment plan in sight, as in published, to cure these problems. Where rural Britain is famous for its flower-filled meadows and charming thatched villages, now being ploughed up to make way for mundane executive rabbit hutches, that add to global warming.


When the reverse actions should perhaps be the priority. Such as re-wilding and provision of sustainable, low cost accommodation; Zero Carbon, or Climate Neutral homes, for cleaner generations to come.

Why not ask your local representatives if there is a Local Agenda 21 Plan. And if not, if they might consider implementing one?








The driver for all of this was electric lighting, to replace candles and gas lighting. Making humans master of night and day. Turning many of us into nocturnal animals, simply because we can. That may not be a good thing, with the advent of gaming computers, and lapse into all night sessions, and sleeping all day. Especially in teenagers. But, that is another social and educational problem. For modern mankind to resolve.





The energy generating and storage system seen at Herstmonceux Museum was advanced in many ways, and less than efficient in others, being a DC system. As an advocate of DC, even Thomas Edison, got that wrong. But, in this little backwater of Sussex, the technology was spawned. How to store energy. Which turned out to be the charging of batteries, or as they were called then: accumulators.


Well before this technology became fashionable as a grid stabilising, load leveler, for the growth of the renewables industry, this was taking place in Sussex around C.1900. With the storage facility in Lime Park, thought to be the last surviving early example of the development of this particular solution, in the early age of electricity, leading to our modern age of computers. Today, in 2023, our thinking has come full circle, as we try to regain harmony with nature. The proof of which is the building of modern battery based energy stores, up and down the country, with one such 'Green Park' in Ninfield, on the cards.


* The current world population is 8,051,126,665 as of Sunday, July 30, 2023, according to the most recent United Nations estimates elaborated by Worldometer. The term "World Population" refers to the human population (the total number of humans currently living) of the world.








Early LEDs were often used as indicator lamps for electronic devices, replacing small incandescent bulbs. They were soon packaged into numeric readouts in the form of seven-segment displays, and were commonly seen in digital clocks.

Recent developments in LEDs permit them to be used in environmental and task lighting. LEDs have many advantages over incandescent light sources including lower energy consumption, longer lifetime, improved physical robustness, smaller size, and faster switching. Light-emitting diodes are now used in applications as diverse as aviation lighting, automotive headlamps, advertising, general lighting, traffic signals, and wide screen televisions.









The Industrial Revolution

Electricity and Magnetism

Let there be light, glass bulbs to LEDs

Public supply

Rural supply

Lime Park

Generating station 1982/3

Generating station – Power House, 36 hp National Gas engine

Honeysett Brothers - Electric Bakers & Confectioners, Gardner Street

Flour from the millers at Windmill Hill (Trust), tallest post windmill, UK

Archaeology – Machinery

Archaeology – Boiler Room

Archaeology – Batteries

Sussex Express & Kent Mail Oct 1913 - cooking demonstrations

Coal deliveries & plan of building

Map of Herstmonceux

The Sussex Industrial Archaeology Society

The County Archaeologist

The chauffeur’s daughter

The engineer’s son

The Department for Culture Media & Sport (DCMS)

English Heritage & Monument At Risk Protection Programmes MARS

Sussex Express December 1999

Archaeology South East, London University, Survey & Report 1999

Generating Works - Instructions 1911

Amberley Museum, Arundel, West Sussex

The rise of renewables & climate cooling

UNESCO World Heritage Convention

Site Restoration and Development Proposals - Phases - 3D VR










WOW - Electric trams were operated in Eastbourne from 1953 to 1969. Nothing electric there at the moment (we think), but in Brighton, they are operating hybrids in the Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ).


After a one-off summer season at St. Leonards, Sussex, in 1951 and then five seasons at Rhyl from 1952. Those ventures persuaded Claude Lane to negotiate the lease on a permanent site at Eastbourne in 1953, and Modern Electric Tramways Ltd was born.

The Eastbourne Electric Tramway ran for 2/3 mile between Princes Park and the Crumbles and to service it, Lane's Barnet works turned out a larger open-top tram to spearhead the new 2ft-gauge operation.





If you know of any information that may help us complete this story, please get in touch.













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